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Blockchain 101 #2: Blockchain Unleashed: Real-World Applications Demystified

Discusses real-world applications of blockchain technology, showcasing examples of how it is used in various industries beyond cryptocurrencies.

Blockchain technology has transcended its origins as the foundation of cryptocurrencies, evolving into a versatile tool that has discovered applications across a multitude of industries. In this article, we, at Blockchain at NTU, shall delve into the practical applications of blockchain, shedding light on how it is revolutionizing businesses and processes beyond the realm of digital currencies. From supply chain management to healthcare and beyond, blockchain has ignited a wave of innovation that is reshaping industries worldwide.

Supply Chain Management
Enhancing Transparency and Traceability

Blockchain's pivotal role in supply chain management lies in its capacity to construct an immutable ledger of transactions. This addresses the critical need for transparency and traceability by enabling all stakeholders within the supply chain to record and authenticate transactions in real-time. Every step in the process, from the inception of raw materials to the ultimate consumer, is meticulously documented on the blockchain. This heightened transparency reduces the risk of fraudulent activities, assures product authenticity, and expedites the identification and resolution of issues.

Ensuring Data Security and Interoperability

The healthcare sector demands secure and efficient sharing of patient data among diverse service providers. Blockchain ensures data security by encrypting and decentralising medical records. Patients retain control over their data, allowing access solely to authorized healthcare providers. This resolves the issue of data privacy while facilitating seamless data exchange across disparate healthcare systems, thus enhancing interoperability and reducing administrative overhead.

Intellectual Property and Copyright
Safeguarding Immutability and Ownership Verification

Blockchain's immutability guarantees that once intellectual property is registered on the blockchain, it remains unalterable and invulnerable to deletion. This functionality safeguards the ownership of creative works, such as patents, copyrights, and trademarks. It offers a tamper-proof ledger for creators to assert ownership and monitor the utilization of their intellectual property, thereby combatting copyright infringement effectively.

Voting Systems
Enabling Transparency and Security

Blockchain introduces transparency and security to voting systems by recording each vote as a transaction on the blockchain. These transactions are encrypted and time-stamped, rendering it exceedingly difficult to manipulate or tamper with results. This functionality effectively combats electoral fraud and bolsters public trust in the voting process, allowing independent verification of results by any concerned party.

Real Estate
Establishing Immutable Property Records

The real estate industry benefits significantly from blockchain's immutability, which ensures that property records remain secure and unalterable once they are documented on the blockchain. This eliminates fraudulent property transactions and diminishes the necessity for intermediaries, such as title companies. It simplifies property ownership transfers, ultimately reducing the associated costs.

Cross-Border Payments
Promoting Speed and Cost-Efficiency

Blockchain's borderless nature and decentralised architecture facilitate swifter and more cost-effective cross-border payments. Traditional international money transfers frequently entail multiple intermediaries and protracted settlement periods. Blockchain-based platforms eliminate these intermediaries, curbing transaction costs and rendering cross-border payments more efficient.

Identity Verification
Empowering User-Controlled Data

Blockchain empowers individuals to oversee their identity data. Users can grant or revoke access to their personal information as required, mitigating the issue of unauthorized data collection and identity theft. This functionality fosters a more secure and user-centric approach to online transactions and identity verification.

In conclusion, blockchain technology encompasses a plethora of functionalities that effectively tackle specific challenges across various industries. Its decentralised and immutable ledger, coupled with its transparency, security, and control over data access, positions it as a versatile solution for real-world applications extending far beyond cryptocurrencies. As these use cases continue to evolve, blockchain's profound impact on reshaping industries is poised for further expansion and transformation.

We, from Blockchain at NTU, thank you for being part of this enlightening journey and extend a warm welcome to the enthralling universe of blockchain!

NOTE: Articles written by Blockchain at NTU ARE NOT FINANCIAL ADVICE!

Written By:
Dann Wee
Research Director of Blockchain at NTU Club AY23/24

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