The Biggest Challenges Leaders Are Going to Face In The Next 10 Years

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The Biggest Challenges Leaders Are Going to Face In The Next 10 Years

Times are changing faster than we ever thought possible. 

It seems like every morning I wake up and there is a brand new revolutionary technology or political movement creating massive ripples in the world. 

As entrepreneurs, and as leaders in general, we need to take the future very seriously. We live in a world that's changing at breakneck speed, and leadership has never been more crucial.

In business, things don’t stop moving, so if we can’t keep up and adapt on the fly, then our business is doomed.  

So as we gear up to dominate the next decade, we need to be aware of the challenges that lie ahead for leaders. It's time to strap on our boots and prepare ourselves to tackle the obstacles that are coming our way. 

In my recent conversation with Bill George, an HBS professor, I picked his brain about leadership. He has studied it his entire life and gave me a lot of insight into what it takes to make a great leader. 

One of the most interesting ideas we touched on that inspired me to write this week's newsletter, was the idea of the challenges leaders are going to face in the future. The world is changing at an unprecedented rate, and as a leader, it’s vital to keep a pulse on things that could be coming down the pipeline. 

So in this newsletter, I'm going to break down the most pressing challenges that leaders will face in the next ten years. From technological disruption to shifting demographics, we'll cover everything you need to know to stay ahead of the game.

Buckle up, because it's time to get real about the future.

Study The Past To Predict The Future

As the futurist Alvin Toffler once proclaimed, "You've got to think about 'big things' while you're doing small things, so that all the small things go in the right direction." One way we can incorporate this wisdom is through a deep, immersive study of the past to make informed predictions about the future. Amid the dizzying speed of technological innovation, shifting market landscapes, and ever-evolving consumer preferences, it becomes crucial to take a step back and look to history. In a world that often seems besotted by the 'new,' remember that history often rhymes if it doesn't repeat itself.

In fact, there are two salient reasons to delve into the annals of history for a better grip on the future: detecting patterns and trends, and gaining comprehensive contextual understanding.

Unearthing Patterns and Trends

Historical analysis serves as a treasure trove of patterns and trends that can provide us with invaluable insights. A systematic review of past events and data can arm us with the understanding of what strategies and approaches were effective and those that led to fiascos.

Take, for instance, the infamous dot-com bubble of the late 1990s. During this period, an insatiable investment frenzy in Internet-centric businesses led to a market situation where the emphasis on actual profitability was lost in the dust. Many of these businesses folded, leading to enormous financial losses. An analysis of this scenario reveals the perils of speculation, unsustainable growth expectations, and poor due diligence. Such knowledge is invaluable in spotting similar warning signs in emerging markets and enabling more prudent investment strategies.

Gaining Holistic Contextual Understanding

A secondary, yet equally important, benefit of historical study is contextual understanding. When we dissect past events and situations from different perspectives, we stand to gain a more nuanced view of the conditions that led to specific outcomes. By understanding the contextual intricacies, we can anticipate how a similar confluence of factors may precipitate comparable outcomes in the future.

Take the example of the Great Depression of the 1930s. A calamitous period in global economic history, the Depression was the result of a potent cocktail of factors: unfettered stock market speculation, widespread bank failures, and insufficient governmental checks and balances. Recognizing these as catalysts of a cataclysmic economic downturn, we can stay vigilant against policies that could potentially create a similar risk scenario.

The past serves as a powerful compass for the future. Its stories, lessons, and patterns help us navigate the complex landscape of the present and prepare us for the future. As Mark Twain said, "History doesn't repeat itself, but it does rhyme." By studying these historical rhymes, we can make more informed decisions and create a future that learns from the past rather than repeating it."

What To Look Out For In The Future

As we've navigated the lessons from the past, it's time to cast our gaze towards the future, specifically in the realms of business and leadership. The coming decade holds a multitude of challenges, and success will hinge on the ability to adapt to monumental shifts.

Here are key trends you should watch as we navigate the tumultuous tides of change:

Technological Disruption

As we stand on the brink of a technological revolution, we face a future that's hurtling towards us at breakneck speed. Advancements in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and other emerging technologies are not merely twinkles on the horizon; they're meteor showers poised to reshape the landscape of business and leadership. They're driving us into a future where the only option is to adapt, innovate, and conquer. Navigating this labyrinth may seem daunting, but let's remember that within these challenges lie immense opportunities - golden threads woven into the very fabric of this disruption. It's about breaking free from the anchor of complacency and setting sail on the voyage of continuous learning, evolution, and growth. It's about turning these winds of change into the jetstream that propels us forward. Here's your compass:

  1. Dive into the Digital Deep-End: Fully immerse yourself in the waves of emerging technologies. Make it your business to understand these dynamic trends, not just as abstract concepts but as tangible tools of transformation. Dedicate time for learning sessions, tech-trend roundtables, and meaningful discussions with tech experts. As the adage goes, knowledge is power, and in this case, it's the power to propel us into the future.

  2. Cultivate a Culture of Innovation: In the era of rapid technological change, the traditional playbooks of business strategy need to be rewritten. Instead of a culture that tiptoes around change, we need one that somersaults into it. Nurture an environment where teams are inspired to take calculated risks, experiment with new ideas, and see the potential of technology as a catapult rather than a cliff.

  3. Equip Your Team for Tomorrow: As the tech landscape evolves, so too must our skill sets. Partner with academic and professional institutions to develop personalized learning paths that cultivate the necessary skills within your teams. This not just equips them to ride the tech wave but also empowers them to be the wave-makers of the future.

Shifting Demographics

With the turn of the century, we've seen the demographics of our world shift like pieces on a grand, global chessboard. An aging population in some regions, a youth surge in others, and cultural and ethnic diversities blossoming everywhere - these are not mere statistical changes. They are evolving narratives that hold the power to shape the marketplace of the future. As leaders, we need to take the pulse of these changes, understand the new rhythms, and adapt our strategies to the beats of these evolving demographics. It's about striking the right chord with our audience, not just echoing their sentiments but also resonating with their unarticulated needs and desires. Here's how we can orchestrate this:

  1. Get a Pulse on Your Audience: Stay acutely aware of the shifting demographic patterns, be it the changing age dynamics or cultural shifts. Listen to their stories, understand their unique needs, and tailor your products or services to fit snugly into their narratives. It's not just about market satisfaction; it's about crafting a customer experience that feels personal and purposeful.

  2. Embrace Globalization: The diversifying cultural fabric of our world presents a beautiful mosaic of opportunities. Learn the intricate patterns, appreciate the uniqueness of each culture, and weave these insights into your organizational strategy. Fostering a diverse and inclusive team can be your guide here, enabling you to connect with a wider audience and open the floodgates of untapped markets.

  3. Stay Agile: Demographics are dynamic; they're the tides that shape the shorelines of our markets. Stay flexible and responsive to these changes. From altering your business model to customizing your strategies, keep your hands on the wheel of adaptability. In the end, the key to thriving in a shifting demographic landscape is not just about riding the wave, but learning to steer and shape it in your favor.

Climate Change

As the sun rises on the 21st century, we find ourselves in an era where the call to action on climate change has never been louder or more urgent. The footprint of our businesses on this planet is casting a longer shadow than ever, making it imperative to step into the light of sustainability. What was once a moral and ethical responsibility has now become a critical business imperative. Ignoring it would be like turning a blind eye to the rising tide. Embracing it, on the other hand, opens doors to a new realm of possibilities - cleaner operations, sustainable solutions, and a future that is not just prosperous but also habitable. It's about steering our businesses from a short-term, profit-focused perspective to a long-term, sustainability-driven one. The green revolution is not coming; it's here. And here's how we can take the reins:

  1. Think Green, Act Green: Embed sustainability into the DNA of your business. From opting for renewable energy sources to reducing waste, there are myriad ways to transition into a greener business model. This won't just help shrink your carbon footprint, but also sprout opportunities for cost reduction and efficiency.

  2. Meet the Eco-Consumer: As consumers become more conscious about their ecological footprint, businesses must meet them on this green pathway. Strive to design products and services that are not just high on quality but also low on environmental impact. It's not just about delivering to market demand; it's about paving the way for a sustainable future.

  3. Stay One Step Ahead: In the era of green innovation, keeping your eyes and ears open to the ground can give you a head start. Be it cleaner technology, sustainable supply chain practices, or eco-friendly packaging solutions, being informed can be the first step towards being innovative.


In the grand theater of business, the curtains have lifted on a new act - globalization. Our world has shrunk into a global village where businesses can traverse continents at the speed of a click. This new act, however, comes with its own set of rules and cues. Crossing borders is not just about geographical distances but also cultural gaps. It's about understanding foreign landscapes, respecting their nuances, and blending our strategies to fit these new molds. But let's remember that within these challenges lie untapped markets, potential partnerships, and a world of opportunities. It's about viewing the world through a wide-angle lens and turning the globe into your playground. Here's your playbook:

  1. Get Acquainted with the Rules: The first step to playing the global game is understanding its rules. This involves getting a firm grasp on the laws and regulations of the international markets you wish to enter. Collaborating with local partners or hiring experts can serve as your guiding beacon, helping you navigate the complex maze of global business.

  2. Bridge the Cultural Divide: As businesses expand across borders, they must also expand their cultural understanding. This means cultivating cultural sensitivity, promoting clear and open communication, and celebrating the diversity that is intrinsic to the global marketplace. It's about building teams that are not just fluent in languages but also in cultures.

  3. Seize the Opportunity: New markets are like uncharted territories waiting to be explored. Be proactive in identifying these opportunities, build robust networks with local businesses, and don't hesitate to venture into unfamiliar terrains. Globalization is not just about surviving in the global market; it's about flourishing and growing.

Talent Management

Talent management in today's rapidly evolving business landscape isn't just a strategic element - it is the cornerstone of organizational success. In an age where competition for top talent is fierce and retaining them is a Herculean task, it's about time we flip the script. Today's workforce isn't just hunting for good paychecks, they are yearning for purpose, growth, and recognition. It's about leading your company towards a horizon where talent is not just managed but celebrated, engaged, and inspired. Here's your map to the talent management territory:

  1. Craft a Compelling Culture: Creating a vibrant, inclusive culture is a surefire way to attract top talent. By fostering an environment that values creativity and innovation, you pave the way for a workforce that is not just productive but also dedicated. It's about building a workplace that is a melting pot of ideas, a platform for growth, and a harbinger of positivity.

  2. Keep the Engagement Meter High: Employee engagement is the secret sauce that retains top talent. Encourage open dialogue, provide ample opportunities for skill development, and ensure a healthy work-life balance. It's about helping your employees feel a sense of belonging, a sense of achievement, and a sense of purpose.

  3. Be a Talent Magnet: Position your organization as an employer of choice. A strong employer brand that aligns with your company's core values can be a powerful talent attractor. It's about amplifying your strengths, sharing your success stories, and showcasing what sets you apart from the rest.


In the digital realm where businesses are bolstered by technology, the dark shadow of cybersecurity threats looms large. Cybersecurity is no longer a mere item on the IT checklist - it is the very armor that can shield your business from dire consequences. In this era of frequent data breaches and sophisticated cyberattacks, keeping your cyber-guard up is not an option; it is a mandate. But let's not just view cybersecurity as a defense strategy; let's consider it as a robust foundation upon which a business can safely innovate, evolve, and thrive. Here's how to gear up:

  1. Safeguard Your Digital Fortress: Your digital assets are the treasure troves that cybercriminals are after. Ensure they are fortified with state-of-the-art cybersecurity measures. From firewalls and encryption to timely security updates, make sure your digital fortress is impregnable.

  2. Be Battle-Ready: Having a comprehensive incident response plan in place is a business imperative. From identifying the breach to containing the damage, your plan should be a well-choreographed sequence of actions that can minimize the impact of a cyberattack.

  3. Empower Your Human Firewall: Your employees are your first line of defense against cyber threats. Equip them with the knowledge and tools to recognize potential threats and respond promptly. After all, cybersecurity is not a one-time project; it's a constant endeavor.


The challenges that leaders will face in the next ten years are complex and diverse. To succeed in this ever-changing world, entrepreneurs must be nimble, flexible, and ready to adapt at the drop of a hat. 

But, with proper preparation and forward thinking, not only can you be ready to survive in the future, you can be ready to thrive in it. 

If you want to hear more about this, be sure to check out the full conversation with Bill. He has a lifetime of knowledge and insights, and this conversation is one of my all-time favorites! 

That’s it for now; thanks for reading.

If you enjoyed this article, I’d love to hear from you. 

Reply to this email or tweet at me @ScottDClary and I'll do my best to get back to everyone!


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