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The Barriers of Killer App Development

This shift challenges the traditional Silicon Valley playbook

The world of cryptocurrency has always been marked by its ability to adapt swiftly, driven largely by its trustless nature. However, this very characteristic that sets it apart also presents a unique challenge when it comes to building consumer apps. Unlike the previous era of Web 2.0, where users often became the product, the dynamics have shifted significantly in Web 3.0. This shift challenges the traditional Silicon Valley playbook, where the strategies were often to invest heavily, even at a loss, until competitors faded away, creating a monopoly and sustaining revenue through advertising. This approach effectively addressed the "cold start" problem, building a user base and collecting valuable user data to attract advertisers. However, in Web 3.0, user data is no longer freely available for collection or purchase. This necessitates a reimagining of the approach to blockchain consumer app development.

The "cold start problem" in the context of cryptocurrency tokens is a significant challenge that becomes even more pronounced with the introduction of tokens. This issue arises from the initial lack of liquidity and user engagement when a new token is launched. Here's how tokens exacerbate this problem and introduce the concept of token debt:

  • Mercenary Liquidity: With the advent of tokens, liquidity providers often enter the market with a profit motive rather than a genuine interest in the project or its underlying technology. These liquidity providers, commonly referred to as "mercenaries," are primarily motivated by the potential for quick gains through trading or providing liquidity to new tokens. While this can inject liquidity into the market, it may not result in a sustainable or loyal user base.

  • Token Debt: The rapid proliferation of new tokens can indeed pose challenges for protocols, often placing them in a position where they need to allocate significant resources to market the token as a product. This shift in focus towards marketing and token-related activities can come with several drawbacks:

    1. Listing Costs: Getting a token listed on exchanges, especially prominent ones, can be costly in terms of listing fees and compliance expenses. These financial resources could potentially be directed towards the core development and improvement of the protocol.

    2. Marketing Expenses: Marketing a token involves various expenses, including advertising, promotional campaigns, and influencer partnerships. While marketing is essential for visibility, excessive spending can divert funds away from vital protocol enhancements.

    3. Token Allocation: The allocation of tokens to incentivize marketing efforts can result in a distribution of tokens that might be better utilized elsewhere. Over-allocating tokens to marketing can dilute the incentives for other crucial stakeholders, such as developers and users.

    4. Low-Quality Users: Aggressively marketing tokens can attract individuals primarily interested in speculative gains rather than genuine engagement with the platform's features and services. These users may not provide valuable feedback or contribute meaningfully to the platform's growth.

    5. Limited User Feedback: Token-focused users may be less inclined to provide constructive feedback on the platform's functionality, usability, or features. Their primary concern often revolves around token price, overshadowing other important aspects.

    6. Noise-to-Signal Ratio: A surge in token-related discussions and activities can create a high noise-to-signal ratio, making it challenging to distinguish genuine interest, valuable feedback, and meaningful engagement from speculative chatter.

    The lack of interoperability

    Interoperability among blockchains indeed poses significant challenges for consumer app development in the blockchain space. Interoperability refers to the ability of different blockchain networks to communicate and interact seamlessly with each other, sharing data and value. Here's why the absence of interoperability hinders consumer app development

    • Silos of Data and Value: Without interoperability, each blockchain operates as a separate silo, with its own data, tokens, and smart contracts. This fragmentation makes it difficult for consumer apps to access and utilize resources from multiple blockchains, limiting their functionality and potential use cases.

    • Reduced User Experience: Users often want the ability to interact with different blockchain networks using a single application. The absence of interoperability means users must navigate and manage multiple wallets and interfaces, leading to a fragmented and confusing user experience.

    • High Development Complexity: Developers face increased complexity when building apps that need to interact with multiple blockchains. They must implement custom solutions or rely on intermediaries, adding development time and cost.

  • Limited Use Cases: Consumer apps may be constrained in their ability to provide innovative services when they are restricted to a single blockchain's capabilities. Interoperability opens up opportunities for apps to access a broader range of assets and features.

    Four types of killer apps

  • Distribution

  • Marketplace

  • Social Apps

  • Gaming

Distribution Applications

  • A distribution app, in a general sense, is a software application designed to facilitate the distribution of various types of content, products, services, or information to users or consumers. These apps play a crucial role in making content and services accessible to a wide audience, and they come in various forms and purposes. Here are some common types of distribution apps:

    • Content Distribution Apps: These apps distribute various types of digital content, such as music, videos, e-books, or news articles. Examples include streaming platforms like Netflix, Spotify, and Kindle for e-books.

    • E-commerce Apps: E-commerce apps enable the distribution of physical and digital products to consumers. Popular examples include Amazon, eBay, and Shopify, which allow users to buy and sell products.

    • App Stores: App distribution platforms, like Apple's App Store and Google Play, facilitate the distribution of mobile applications to users' devices.

    • News and Media Apps: News outlets and media companies use distribution apps to deliver news articles, videos, and other content to their audiences. Examples include The New York Times app and BBC News.

    • Food Delivery Apps: Food delivery apps like Uber Eats and DoorDash distribute meals from restaurants to customers, offering a convenient way to order food.

  • Peer-to-Peer File Sharing Apps: Some apps enable users to share files directly with others, often using peer-to-peer (P2P) technology. Examples include BitTorrent and file-sharing apps like SHAREit.

    Marketplace Applications

    A marketplace is a platform or a venue where buyers and sellers come together to exchange goods, services, or information. It serves as an intermediary that facilitates transactions between parties, often providing a centralized and organized space for these exchanges. Marketplaces can take various forms and can operate in both physical and digital environments. Here are some key characteristics and types of marketplaces:

  • Characteristics of Marketplaces:

    1. Facilitation of Transactions: Marketplaces exist to enable transactions. They connect buyers and sellers, providing a space for them to interact and engage in trade.

    2. Variety of Goods and Services: Marketplaces can host a wide range of products, services, or information, depending on their specific focus. Some marketplaces specialize in specific niches, while others offer a broad spectrum of offerings.

    3. Price Discovery: Marketplaces often allow for price discovery through competitive bidding or negotiations. Buyers and sellers can determine prices based on supply and demand dynamics.

    4. Payment Processing: Many digital marketplaces incorporate payment processing systems to facilitate secure and convenient transactions. They may offer multiple payment options to accommodate users.

    5. Rating and Review Systems: To build trust and transparency, marketplaces frequently implement rating and review systems where users can provide feedback on their experiences with sellers or service providers.

    Social Applications

    A social app, short for "social networking app," is a software application or mobile app designed to facilitate social interaction, communication, and networking among users. These apps provide a platform for individuals to connect with friends, family, colleagues, and other users, allowing them to share content, engage in conversations, and build online communities. Social apps come in various forms and serve different purposes, but they all revolve around enhancing social connections and communication. Here are some key characteristics and types of social apps:

    Characteristics of Social Apps:

    1. User Profiles: Social apps typically require users to create profiles with personal information, including names, profile pictures, and sometimes additional details like location, interests, and contact information.

    2. Friend or Follower Mechanisms: Most social apps incorporate mechanisms for users to connect with others. This can involve sending friend requests, following other users, or accepting connection invitations.

    3. News Feeds: Many social apps feature news feeds or timelines where users can post updates, photos, videos, or other content. These feeds are often central to the app's user experience, allowing users to see and engage with the content shared by their connections.

    4. Messaging and Chat: Social apps frequently offer messaging and chat functionalities, allowing users to have private conversations, share media, and interact in real-time.

    5. Notifications: Users receive notifications for various activities, such as likes, comments, messages, and friend requests. Notifications help users stay informed and engaged with the platform.

      Gaming Applications

  • A gaming app is a software application or mobile app designed for the purpose of playing video games on various digital devices, such as smartphones, tablets, computers, or gaming consoles. These apps provide users with access to a wide range of games, from casual and mobile games to more complex and immersive video games. Gaming apps offer a platform for users to enjoy interactive entertainment, challenge themselves, and often compete with others. Here are some key characteristics and types of gaming apps:

    Characteristics of Gaming Apps:

    1. Interactive Gameplay: Gaming apps are primarily known for offering interactive and engaging gameplay experiences. Users can control characters, make decisions, and influence the outcome of the game through input devices like touchscreens, keyboards, or game controllers.

    2. Diverse Game Genres: Gaming apps encompass a vast variety of game genres, including action, adventure, role-playing, strategy, simulation, puzzle, racing, sports, and more. These genres cater to different player preferences and interests.

    3. Graphics and Audio: Many gaming apps feature high-quality graphics, animations, and audio to create immersive and visually appealing game environments. Sound effects and music enhance the gaming experience.

    4. Progression and Achievements: Gaming apps often include progression systems, achievements, and rewards that motivate players to continue playing, complete challenges, and achieve in-game goals.

    5. Multiplayer and Social Features: Some gaming apps support multiplayer modes, allowing players to compete or collaborate with others online. Social features, such as leaderboards, friend challenges, and chat, enhance the social aspect of gaming.

    6. In-App Purchases: Free-to-play gaming apps often offer in-app purchases, allowing players to buy virtual items, currency, or premium content within the game. These purchases can enhance gameplay or provide cosmetic enhancements.

What kills on-chain distribution apps such as Spotify?

Distribution apps like Spotify face various challenges and factors that can impact their success. Let's explore how each of the factors you mentioned can affect such apps:

  1. User Data: User data is a double-edged sword for distribution apps like Spotify. On one hand, having access to user data is crucial for personalizing recommendations and improving the user experience. However, improper handling of user data, privacy breaches, or concerns about data security can erode trust and drive users away. Striking the right balance between personalization and privacy is key.

  2. Licensing: Licensing agreements are at the core of music distribution apps like Spotify. Securing the rights to a vast library of music is essential for offering a compelling service. However, negotiating and maintaining these licensing agreements can be complex and costly. Disputes or failed negotiations with record labels and artists can disrupt the availability of music content on the platform, potentially causing user dissatisfaction.

  3. Content: The availability of a diverse and up-to-date catalog of music content is crucial for distribution apps like Spotify. Users expect a wide range of music genres, artists, and albums to choose from. Failure to continuously update and expand the content library can lead to user attrition as users seek more comprehensive alternatives.

  4. Payments: The financial model underpinning distribution apps like Spotify relies on a combination of advertising revenue and premium subscriptions. Disruptions in payment processing, difficulties in handling subscription cancellations or refunds, or changes in pricing structures can impact the app's revenue streams. Users may leave if they perceive that the app no longer offers a fair value proposition.

  5. Royalties: The lack of a robust royalty framework can significantly impact blockchain-based music streaming platforms in several ways

    1. Fair Compensation for Artists: One of the primary goals of blockchain-based music streaming platforms is to provide fair compensation to artists. Without an effective royalty framework, it becomes challenging to ensure that artists receive their rightful earnings for their music. This could discourage artists from participating in the platform, reducing the platform's content library and appeal to users.

    2. Transparency and Trust: Blockchain technology inherently offers transparency, which can be leveraged to build trust among artists and users. However, without a well-defined royalty framework, transparency in royalty distribution becomes challenging. This lack of clarity can lead to disputes, legal issues, and a loss of trust in the platform.

    3. Incentives for Content Creation: Musicians and content creators are more likely to contribute their work to a platform that offers a transparent and reliable royalty system. If artists feel that their contributions won't be adequately compensated or that they won't receive a fair share of the revenue, they may choose not to participate in the platform, limiting its content selection.

    4. User Experience: For users, a lack of transparency in royalty distribution can create uncertainty. They may be concerned that their subscription fees or payments aren't going to support the artists they listen to. This uncertainty can negatively impact the user experience and loyalty to the platform.

    5. Legal and Regulatory Challenges: In the absence of a clear royalty framework, blockchain-based music streaming platforms may encounter legal and regulatory challenges. This could include issues related to copyright infringement, licensing agreements, and disputes with artists and record labels.

    6. Long-Term Viability: To succeed in the competitive music streaming market, blockchain-based platforms need to attract both artists and users. Without a well-defined royalty framework that ensures fair compensation and transparent distribution, these platforms may struggle to compete with established streaming services that have established royalty systems.

What kills on-chain marketplace apps such as Uber?

Marketplace apps like Uber can face various challenges and factors that can impact their success. Let's explore how each of the factors mentioned can affect such apps:

  1. Location Data: Location data is a fundamental component of marketplace apps like Uber. It is essential for matching riders with drivers, estimating arrival times, and calculating fares accurately. However, improper handling of location data, concerns about user privacy, or issues related to the accuracy of location information can erode user trust. Users may be hesitant to use the app if they have reservations about how their location data is collected, stored, or used.

  2. Payments: Smooth and secure payment processing is critical for marketplace apps like Uber. Users expect a convenient and reliable payment experience, whether it's through credit cards, digital wallets, or other payment methods. Disruptions in payment processing, issues with billing, or concerns about the security of payment information can lead to user dissatisfaction. If users perceive that their financial information is at risk, they may abandon the app.

What kills on-chain social media apps like Friendtech

The success and viability of social media apps like FriendTech can be influenced by several factors. Let's examine how each of the factors mentioned can impact the fate of such apps:

  1. User Social Graphs: The user social graph, which represents the connections and relationships between users, is the lifeblood of social media apps. A decline in user engagement, a loss of trust, or a significant migration of users away from the platform can weaken the social graph. If users no longer find value in the connections and interactions on the app, it may lead to a decline in its user base and eventual obsolescence.

  2. User Data for Advertising: Many social media apps have traditionally leaned heavily on advertising as their primary revenue source. The effectiveness of advertising in these platforms often hinges on the availability of user data for precise targeting and personalization. However, in the context of Web 3.0, a significant shift occurs regarding user data:

    While in Web 2.0, user data was routinely harvested and utilized for profiling, targeting, and delivering personalized ads, the landscape in Web 3.0 takes a divergent path. The Web 3.0 ethos prioritizes decentralization, privacy, and user control over their data. Consequently, the practice of indiscriminate data collection and exploitation becomes increasingly challenging, if not obsolete.

  3. Financed Shares: Complexity for Creators: Implementing a system of creator tokens or shares can be complex and confusing for content creators, especially those who are not well-versed in blockchain technology. Navigating the intricacies of tokenomics and managing these assets can pose a steep learning curve.

  4. Volatility: Cryptocurrency markets are known for their price volatility. Creator tokens tied to these markets can experience rapid and unpredictable fluctuations in value. This can make it challenging for creators to rely on these tokens as a stable source of income.

  5. Lack of Liquidity: In many cases, creator tokens may lack liquidity, making it difficult for creators to convert them into fiat currency or other assets when needed. This illiquidity can constrain creators' financial flexibility.

  6. Regulatory Concerns: The issuance and trading of creator tokens can raise regulatory concerns in different jurisdictions. Compliance with financial regulations and securities laws can be a complex and costly process, potentially limiting the platforms' operations.

  7. Market Saturation: The proliferation of creator tokens across various platforms can lead to market saturation, where the value of individual tokens is diluted due to oversupply. This can diminish the attractiveness of such tokens as an incentive for creators.

  8. Speculative Behavior: Some users may acquire creator tokens primarily for speculative purposes rather than genuine support for the creators. This speculative behavior can distort the token's value and purpose.

  9. Inequity Among Creators: Depending on the platform's design, popular or high-profile creators may benefit more from tokenization, potentially creating disparities in earnings among creators. Smaller or emerging creators may struggle to gain meaningful support through tokens.

    What kills on-chain Gaming Apps?

Gaming apps can face various challenges that can impact their success and longevity. Let's explore how each of the factors you mentioned can affect gaming apps:

  1. Licensing: Licensing agreements are critical for gaming apps, especially those that feature popular franchises or intellectual properties. Issues with licensing, such as expiring agreements or disputes with content creators, can lead to the removal of content from the app. This can result in user dissatisfaction and a decline in the app's appeal if it loses access to beloved characters, stories, or features.

  2. Payments: Payment processing is essential for gaming apps, particularly for in-app purchases and monetization strategies. If payment systems experience technical issues, security breaches, or difficulties in handling transactions, users may be deterred from making purchases or engaging with premium content. A frictionless and secure payment experience is vital for sustaining revenue streams.

  3. Social Integration: Social features within gaming apps, such as multiplayer modes, leaderboards, and social sharing, can significantly enhance user engagement and retention. A lack of robust social integration or technical issues that hinder social interactions can detract from the overall gaming experience. Users often value the ability to connect with friends and compete with others.

  4. Distribution: Effective distribution and discovery of gaming apps are crucial for their success. While platforms like the Apple App Store and Google Play Store provide visibility, intense competition can make it challenging for new games to gain traction. Changes in app store algorithms or policies can also impact discoverability. Moreover, the rise of alternative distribution channels, such as Epic Games Store or Steam, introduces additional competition and distribution challenges.

  5. No object language: In traditional game development, OOP is a powerful paradigm that allows developers to model game objects, such as characters, items, and environments, as discrete, reusable entities with their own properties and behaviors. This abstraction makes it easier to design, organize, and maintain complex game systems. However, Solidity's limitations in OOP can hinder similar design patterns in blockchain games. Here are some personal thoughts on this issue:

    1. Complexity Management: Games, especially multiplayer or open-world games, can become highly complex in terms of the number of game objects and their interactions. OOP provides a structured way to manage this complexity, with objects encapsulating data and functionality. In Solidity, developers often have to manage state variables and functions separately, which can make the code less intuitive and harder to maintain.

    2. Code Reusability: OOP promotes code reusability, allowing developers to create generic object templates and instantiate them as needed. In Solidity, creating reusable smart contract components can be more challenging, leading to code duplication and potential inconsistencies.

    3. Game Logic Abstraction: In game development, OOP allows for the abstraction of game logic into objects. For example, a character object can encapsulate movement, combat, and interaction logic. Solidity's lack of full OOP capabilities can make it harder to encapsulate complex game logic in a clean and modular way.

    4. Development Efficiency: OOP can improve development efficiency by enabling a more natural and expressive way of coding. Developers familiar with OOP languages like Java or C++ may find the transition to Solidity's more procedural style less intuitive, potentially slowing down development.

    5. Smart Contract Interactions: Blockchain games often rely on smart contracts for managing in-game assets and transactions. The lack of robust OOP features in Solidity can make it more challenging to create smart contracts that represent in-game objects and their interactions accurately.

Micropayments and Efficient Payment Streaming

The absence of micropayments and efficient payment streaming can have a significant impact on various aspects of digital services and applications, including gig work, on-chain notifications, and in-game purchases. Here's how each of these areas can be affected:

  1. Gig Work:

    • Payment Fragmentation: In gig work platforms, such as freelance marketplaces or microtask platforms, workers often receive payments for individual tasks or projects. The absence of micropayments can lead to payment fragmentation, where small earnings are accumulated over time but are not cost-effective to withdraw due to transaction fees. This can deter gig workers, especially those in low-income regions, from participating in such platforms.

    • Delayed Payments: Efficient payment streaming is crucial for gig workers who rely on timely income. Without it, workers may experience delays in receiving their earnings, which can impact their financial stability and satisfaction with the platform.

  2. On-Chain Notifications:

    • Costly Transactions: On-chain notifications, such as alerts related to blockchain transactions or smart contract events, can incur transaction fees. In the absence of micropayments, these fees can make even simple notifications relatively expensive. This can discourage developers from implementing on-chain notifications and hinder the user experience.

    • Limited Real-Time Interactions: Efficient payment streaming and micropayments are essential for enabling real-time interactions on blockchain platforms. Without these capabilities, users may experience delays in receiving notifications about important events, reducing the responsiveness of decentralized applications.

  3. In-Game Purchases:

    • Small Transactions: In the gaming industry, micropayments are critical for in-game purchases, such as buying virtual items or currency. Without the ability to make small transactions, players may find it challenging to make microtransactions, which are often a significant source of revenue for game developers.

    • Reduced Monetization: The absence of efficient payment streaming can impact the monetization of in-game purchases. Players may be less inclined to make purchases if they perceive friction or delays in payment processing.

Gas Fees

The introduction of gas mechanisms of blockchain platforms has several implications for both user experience and app development

User Experience:

  1. Transaction Costs: Gas fees are required to process transactions on blockchain networks like Ethereum. When using decentralized applications (DApps) that run on such networks, users may need to pay these fees when interacting with the app. This can be a significant departure from the traditional web 2.0 model where many applications are free to use without direct transaction costs for users.

  2. Cost Considerations: Users need to consider the cost of gas fees when using DApps. This introduces a financial aspect to the user experience, which can be both positive and negative. On one hand, users become more aware of the actual costs associated with using the app. On the other hand, high gas fees during periods of network congestion can deter users and lead to frustration.

  3. Transaction Delays: Gas fees determine the priority of transactions on blockchain networks. Users who are unwilling to pay high fees might experience delays in their transactions being processed, impacting the real-time nature of certain DApps.

  4. Wallet Interaction: Users need a cryptocurrency wallet to pay gas fees and interact with DApps. This additional step can be a hurdle for newcomers to the blockchain space, as it requires them to understand wallet management, private keys, and transaction confirmation processes.

  5. Complexity and Education: Gas mechanisms introduce a level of complexity that many users may not be familiar with. To use DApps effectively, users need to understand how gas works, how to adjust gas settings for transactions, and how to estimate appropriate fees. This can be a learning curve for non-technical users.

App Development:

  1. Cost Considerations: App developers need to consider the cost of gas when designing and building DApps. Excessive gas usage can make an app prohibitively expensive for users, limiting its adoption. Developers need to optimize their smart contracts and code to minimize gas consumption.

  2. Smart Contract Design: Gas efficiency becomes crucial in smart contract design. Developers must carefully consider the computational complexity of their contracts and avoid inefficient operations to keep gas costs down.

  3. User-Friendly Interfaces: Developers should create user interfaces that make gas management as simple as possible. This includes providing clear fee estimations, offering options for users to customize their gas settings, and educating users about gas-related processes.

  4. Scalability Solutions: Some blockchain platforms are working on scalability solutions, such as Ethereum's transition to Ethereum 2.0 and Layer 2 solutions like Optimistic Rollups. These solutions aim to reduce gas fees and improve the scalability of DApps, making them more cost-effective and user-friendly.

  5. Alternative Platforms: Developers have the option to build on blockchain platforms that offer different consensus mechanisms or gas models. For example, platforms like Binance Smart Chain and Polkadot have different gas fee structures, which can be more cost-effective for certain types of applications.

In summary, the introduction of gas mechanisms in crypto has both positive and negative implications for user experience and app development. It introduces costs and complexities but also promotes transparency and financial awareness. App developers need to be mindful of gas considerations and work to make the user experience as smooth as possible, while users need to be aware of gas fees and how they affect their interactions with blockchain-based applications.

Unsafe Wallets

  • Interacting with software wallets can be a risky endeavor due to several factors that contribute to their inherent vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities often stem from bugs, hacks, exploits, and a lack of social recovery options. Let's explore this in more depth:

  • Bug-Related Risks: Software wallets, like any software, can contain bugs or coding errors. These bugs can lead to unintended behaviors that compromise the security of the wallet. For example, a bug might allow unauthorized access to funds or result in the loss of cryptocurrency. Users relying on these wallets are exposed to such risks, as bugs can be challenging to detect and address promptly.

  • Hacking Threats: Software wallets are attractive targets for hackers due to the potential for substantial financial gains. Cybercriminals employ various techniques to compromise these wallets, such as phishing attacks, malware distribution, or exploiting vulnerabilities in the wallet software itself. Once compromised, hackers can steal the private keys or seed phrases necessary to access the wallet's funds.

  • Exploitation Vulnerabilities: Exploits targeting software wallets can take advantage of known or unknown vulnerabilities in the wallet's code or underlying technologies. These vulnerabilities may allow attackers to gain unauthorized access, manipulate transactions, or siphon off cryptocurrency from the wallet. In some cases, such vulnerabilities can remain undiscovered until exploited.

  • Lack of Social Recovery: Many software wallets do not offer robust social recovery options. Social recovery allows users to regain access to their wallets through the assistance of trusted contacts. Without this feature, users risk permanently losing access to their funds if they forget their password, lose their private keys, or encounter other access issues.

Wallet Messaging Implementation

The lack of wallet messaging implementations can have significant implications for consumer app development, particularly in the context of blockchain and cryptocurrency integration. Here are some key ways in which this deficiency affects consumer app development:

  1. Communication Gap: Wallet messaging features are essential for seamless communication between users within a blockchain-based app. Without this functionality, users may struggle to send messages or notifications related to transactions, account updates, or other critical information. This communication gap can result in a less engaging and efficient user experience.

  2. Reduced User Engagement: Wallet messaging can enhance user engagement by providing real-time updates, alerts, and notifications. These features keep users informed about their financial transactions, account balances, and important events within the app. Without such messaging capabilities, user engagement may suffer, leading to reduced app usage and retention rates.

  3. Limited User Support: In the absence of wallet messaging, providing customer support and assistance to users becomes more challenging. Users may encounter issues with transactions, account access, or security and need a direct channel to reach out for help. Without wallet messaging, app developers may need to rely on external communication channels, which can be less efficient and secure.

  4. Atrophy of social consumer apps: Lack of wallet messaging can be a detriment to Social-based apps, by their very nature, revolve around the concept of interaction and engagement among users. Effective and seamless in-app communication is not just a desirable feature but an absolute necessity in today's digital landscape. Let's delve deeper into the significance of in-app communication for social-based apps:

  5. Enhancing User Interaction: At the heart of social apps lies the need for users to connect, converse, and collaborate. Without robust in-app communication tools, the ability for users to interact meaningfully becomes compromised. Features such as messaging, commenting, and sharing.

  6. Real-Time Engagement: In social apps, real-time engagement is a fundamental aspect of user experience. Whether it's chatting with friends, participating in group discussions, or sharing updates, users expect instant responses and interactions. Effective in-app communication ensures that users can engage in dynamic, real-time exchanges, which contribute to the app's vitality.

    1. Community Building: Many social apps aim to cultivate and nurture communities around shared interests, activities, or causes. Robust communication features such as group chats, forums, or discussion boards are indispensable for building and sustaining these communities. Without these tools, the app may struggle to create a sense of belonging and cohesion among its users.

    2. User Retention: The success of social apps often hinges on user retention. Apps that offer convenient and enjoyable communication experiences are more likely to retain their user base. Effective in-app communication, including personalized notifications and messaging, contributes to user satisfaction and encourages them to remain active on the platform.

    3. Monetization Opportunities: In-app communication can also be a gateway to monetization for social apps. Features like targeted advertising, premium subscriptions, or virtual goods sales often rely on user engagement and interaction. Apps that lack comprehensive communication tools may miss out on revenue opportunities that stem from active user participation.

    Lack of focus of UI/UX

  • The challenges faced by the blockchain ecosystem are further compounded by a scarcity of expertise, primarily resulting from the disenfranchisement of seasoned web 2.0 veterans. This disenfranchisement can be largely attributed to the fact that blockchain development, particularly in the context of smart contracts, has traditionally relied heavily on Solidity, a programming language largely isolated to smart contract development.

  • This issue becomes strikingly evident when we examine the remarkable success of Solana, a blockchain platform that opted for Rust as its programming language of choice. This strategic decision has triggered a magnetic effect, drawing in a wave of talented UI/UX designers and developers driven by a product-centric approach.

  • For web 2.0 veterans, the transition to blockchain development has often been riddled with challenges. The industry's demand for expertise in Solidity and other blockchain-specific languages presented a steep learning curve, one that was daunting for those proficient in languages more commonly associated with web development.

  • In contrast, Solana's adoption of Rust, a language celebrated for its speed, safety, and developer-friendly attributes, has proven instrumental in bridging this knowledge gap. Rust's appeal is particularly pronounced for developers who prioritize user interface and experience (UI/UX) design, as it facilitates a more seamless integration of their expertise into blockchain projects.

Advertising Models

  • The advertising model has long been the preferred business model for consumer apps. Offering an app or software for free to attract users, often referred to as "solving the cold start problem," and subsequently generating revenue through advertisements, has proven highly profitable. However, the blockchain ecosystem has yet to crack the code of on-chain advertising, a potential game-changer that could enable a symbiotic relationship within this market.

  • Traditionally, many consumer apps have thrived by leveraging advertising as their primary source of revenue. By offering free access to their platforms, they have been able to attract a substantial user base, creating a win-win scenario where users benefit from free services while advertisers gain access to a ready audience.

  • However, the blockchain industry has yet to fully integrate this model into its decentralized landscape. On-chain advertising, which leverages the transparency and security of blockchain technology, could revolutionize the way ads are delivered, tracked, and compensated for. This innovation holds the potential to create a new era of trust and efficiency in digital advertising.

  • By adopting on-chain advertising, blockchain platforms can offer a more transparent and equitable advertising ecosystem. This model could ensure that users have more control over their data and privacy while also providing advertisers with accurate and verifiable metrics. The result would be a mutually beneficial relationship that aligns the interests of all parties involved.


  • In conclusion, this extensive article underscores a crucial point: the individuals fervently proclaiming that their product will usher in the next billion users may be overlooking the essential groundwork that needs to be done. It is apparent that the blockchain space has yet to collectively address and rectify certain infrastructure inefficiencies. Neglecting these critical aspects can, in turn, have detrimental consequences for the development of consumer apps within the ecosystem.

  • To truly realize the potential of blockchain technology and ensure its widespread adoption, it's imperative that the industry as a whole dedicates time, effort, and resources to refining and optimizing the underlying infrastructure. Only by addressing these inefficiencies can we lay a solid foundation upon which innovative consumer apps can thrive, offering value to users while sustaining the growth and evolution of the blockchain space. It's a call for balance, emphasizing that while bold visions are important, they must be complemented by the diligence required to strengthen the ecosystem's core.

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